The foundation of inter-faith approach in conflict management in nigeria and elsewhere is the recognition that in order to achieve sustainable change in the ideas and actions of a religiously. Conflict prevention and management in nigeria however, some security problems in nigeria are rooted from the perceived inequality in the countrys political space, high rate of poverty in the land, increasing spate of. You can trace causes of ethnic conflict to amalgamation, religious differences, inequality, lack of transparent governance, long military incursion in government and lack of vision or nigerian dream, to mention but a few. Confederal solutions to ethnic problems daniel j elazar confederal solutions to ethnic problems during the past 350 years, the international order has been founded on the principle of homogeneous nation-states. In both communities ethnic attachment is high, and, inter-personal relationship among the people of the two communities is not that very cordial significant relationship is found between inter-personal relationship and age, age of the youngest child, land ownership, if most important organization belonged to is ethnic organization, and having.
Given these limitations, a more promising direction, especially in the case of ethiopia, might be to re-examine the notion that ethnic animosity and the domination of one ethnic group by another are the causes of the conflicts in the country and that the solutions to these conflicts lies in secession or the creation of independent states. Nigeria has not been without its fair share of conflict in fact, no decade of post-independent nigeria has been conflict free with several coups, general strikes and a civil war, nigerians have had to experience some of the most sordid tragedies arising from difference of opinions and distrust. Conflicts of various kinds in nigeria have often been attributed to ethnicity for instance, communal clashes, electoral violence and so on have all been rooted in ethnicity however, there is an. The historical roots of crises and conflicts in nigeria and kaduna state in particular can be traced back to these primordial social factors of ethnography, geography, religion and culture secondly, how the human agents have used man, family and government/state to engender crises and conflicts.
Modern nigeria emerged through the merging of two british colonial territories in 1914 the amalgamation was an act of colonial convenience it occurred mainly because british colonizers desired a. Unlike previous studies on the subject of conflict and ethnicity, this paper brings out the central importance of culture in the inter-relationship between two ethnic groups in nigeria it shows that the failure to respect the culture of one ethnic group by the other was the root cause of the yoruba/hausa conflict. Violence among muslim and christian ethnic groups was largely kept in check by a succession of military regimes until 1999, when nigeria returned to civilian rule while democracy permits greater freedom of religious expression in nigeria, it has also intensified the political and economic friction between ethnic groups. In search of ethnic conflict remedies, the full collaboration and support of all actors in the peace process are essential there is also the need for mediators to be seen as neutral there is no time to waste, sustainable solutions should be found to ethnic conflicts in africa and the time is now or never.
The paper examines ethnic violence in nigeria: current problems and future prospects it observes that the nigerian federation being a pluralistic and extensively heterogeneous one is. Solutions to inter ethnic conflict in nigeria the causes and solutions to ethnic conflicts scholars of international security have been trying to develop a theoretical approach to explain the causes of ethnic conflict for a long time. To manage her complex ethnic problem, nigeria, like south africa, has developed mechanisms for ethnic conflict management constitutionally, nigeria opted for federalism and secularism to manage ethnic and regional misunderstanding like south africa, a bill of rights was included in the 1999 constitution, which was intended to allay the fears. It also examines the effects of ethnic conflicts on the country's search for unity and identifies the possible issues for resolution the study also proffered suggestions on how to curb ethnic conflicts in nigeria.
Military coups have also often been caused by ethnic rivalry, as well as personal rivalry such as idi amin's coup in uganda in 1971, caused by inter-ethnic rivalry among leading army officers, as well as by ethnic resentments against the civil head of state. Conflicts of various kinds in nigeria have often been attributed to ethnicity for instance, communal clashes, electoral violence and so on have all been rooted in ethnicity however, there is an indirect relationship between, say, inter-party competition and ethnicity what intervenes between. Violence in nigeria in its various forms has evolved over the decades from use of traditional weapons, charms and hamlets, violence in nigeria has taken sophisticated dimension political, electoral, religious, ethnic/tribal, cultism and other forms of violence are dominant in the nigerian society. Ethnicity and ethnic conflict in nigeria: origin and transformation in order to properly comprehend why ethnicity and inter-ethnic conflict has crystallised in contemporary nigeria, it is important to begin in pre-colonial nigeria. Ethnic conflict can, for instance, result from insufficient accommodation within the state, as perceived by ethnic groups, without a breakdown having to occur (although a breakdown will surely feed the conflict and exacerbate the situation.
The ethnic conflict in nigeria began about 30 years ago when northern nigeria adopted sharia law once again in doing so, people with christian views opposed of this action and tension began within nigeria, there are three different ethnic groups that are present: the hausa-fulani, the yoruba, and the igbo. Have beep annilulated during inter-ethnic clashes in africa particularly in countries like somalia, rwanda, sierra leone, liberia, uganda, chad, niger republic, nigeria etc. The papers collected in inter-ethnic and religious conflict resolution in nigeria edited by ernest uwazie, isaac o albert, and godfrey uzoigwe serve as a critical part of an overall objective to develop and promote mechanisms for the understanding and resolution of ethnic and religious conflicts in nigeria since 1982, nigeria has experienced.
The conflict in nigeria's plateau state is being played out over huge swathes of west africa between herders and farmers to use the 'easy' label of christians versus muslims or to say it is 'just. Relations, or put in place appropriate crises management strategies and tactics to handle intra and inter-ethnic conflicts whenever they happen to arise is responsible for the intermittent wars, clashes, riots and crises in the. The problem is nowhere near solution in the past ten years in nigeria, there had been an increase in the cases of of intra and inter ethnic conflicts in the.